Category: Medical Tests

Unconjugated Bilirubin

Bilirubin is a catabolic product derived from the heme metabolism. Although it is potentially toxic, the body has elaborate physiologic mechanisms, which can detoxify and disposition this substance in the body. This substance is formed when there is breakdown of heme, a substance that forms part of the hemoglobin. The metabolism of bilirubin by liver […]

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Serum Bilirubin Test – Normal Values

Most of the bilirubin is produced when there is degradation of hemoglobin during the normal process of removing old or aged cells. The natural color of this substance is yellow. Through the digestive agent known as bile, the bilirubin is transmitted out of your body. It may also be excreted through urine. The color of […]

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Indirect Bilirubin

Bilirubin consists of the primary bile pigment that is obtained through the breakdown of heme part of the red blood cells. Heme is the deep red as well as oxygen carrying non-protein part of the hemoglobin. It is also known as reduced hematin. When the heme is broken down, it travels to the liver and […]

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Albumin in Urine

Albumin is a protein that is found in blood. It is a healthy protein, which travels in bloodstream. When your kidneys filter the blood and separate wastes from other healthy substances in the blood, albumin is retained and does not cross the filters or glomerulus. This means that in normal circumstances, healthy persons should not […]

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Serum Albumin Test

Serum albumin is the most copious form of protein in blood plasma and it produced in the liver. Albumin makes up about half of the serum protein in blood. This protein is soluble meaning that it can readily dissolve in water. Albumin is synthesized in liver in form of preproalbumin. The functions of albumin in […]

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Normal Albumin Levels, Low and High

Albumin is produced in the liver and is the most common protein you find in blood. This substance provides the body with proteins for growth and tissue repair. Albumin also helps in movement of small molecules in the blood such as bilirubin, progesterone, calcium, and medications. Albumin test is frequently assessed when evaluating a person’s […]

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ESBL in Urine

Extended-Spectrum Beta-lactamase (ESBL) – are chemicals which are produced by a certain type of bacteria. The bacteria break down antibiotics, thereby making infections very hard to treat. Most people are infected by the bacteria in hospitals, and this is due tom improper handing by medical staff. The bacteria can enter the body through the mouth, […]

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Urobilinogen in Urine

Urobilinogen is a product of bilirubin  a colorless substance  resulting from the breakdown of bilirubin. Resident bacteria within the intestines converts urobilinogen into stercobilin. Some urobilinogen is sent from intestine to kidney for excretion while some of them get converted to urobilin. The yellow color of the urine is regulated by urobilin. On the other […]

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Serum Triglycerides

Serum triglycerides refer to a type of fat in your blood that occur when man consumes more calories than the body needs. The fats are burned for energy between meals and they are stored in the fat cells. Serum triglycerides lesser than 150 mg are desirable. However higher levels indicate chances of liver disease, heart […]

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Serum Cholesterol Levels

Serum cholesterol refers to the total amount of cholesterol in the human body. Cholesterol can be distinguished as a waxy and soft substance that is found in the cells and blood. Suitable levels of cholesterol are in fact good for the body. However complications may occur if the levels are too low or too high. […]

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