Chlorine Rash

Chlorine rash is a rash on the skin caused because of the exposure to chlorine. It is also popularly known as the swimming pool rash since people complaint of these rashes after being in a swimming pool. The signs and symptoms of a chlorine rash show quickly after exposure to chlorine and starts with itching on the affected area. Chlorine is not only a strong chemical but also a strong oxidant. If left on the skin for a while, it may cause itching that could later develop as a rash on the skin. Although it is added in the water to get rid of the bacteria but some people can also have chlorine allergy. The symptoms vary from person to the person. Some people may not get affected at all.

Causes

Chlorine added in the water inside swimming pools, in amusement water parks or hot tubs are a big cause of chlorine rash. The chlorine is added as a disinfectant to kill the bacteria growing inside water bodies. For some people being exposed to the slightest amount of chlorine can cause the allergic rash.

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A lot of people who spend most of their time inside the swimming pools often develop chlorine rash. Chlorine, when comes in contact with hair and skin does not wash away easily. That is why it keeps irritating the skin even after coming out of the pool. With some time and repeated exposure to chlorine one can develop rashes or bumps on the skin. A good vitamin C spray used immediately can give relief.

Prolonged contact with chlorine leads to an increase of developing allergic rhinitis, nasal irritation and bronchitis. The long term chlorine exposure affects the epithelium that is present in the airways. Patients with chlorine rash are more at a risk to such reactions. Also children are more vulnerable to such infections.

People in occupations where the exposure to chorine is frequent can suffer from chronic coughing, dermatitis, and are at a risk of toxicating the respiratory system and lung injuries. Such jobs could be cleaning of swimming pools using chlorine, cloth bleaching factories, water treatment plants, pulp bleaching plants etc.

Signs and symptoms

A person might experience extreme rash as the first and foremost symptom of chlorine rash. Itching might also start as soon as one is exposed to chlorinated water and in some cases it may also take several hours. Sometimes it can also cause small bumps on the skin that can further convert into patches. Most likely the affected body part gets swollen with red colored patches on the skin accompanied by pain. Chlorine fumes can also cause irritation in the eyes and lead to watery, dry, itchy, swollen and painful due to the chlorine reaction.

Apart from its effects on the skin and eyes it can also result in gastrointestinal and respiratory troubles such as, problem in breathing, coughing and continuous sneezing with a swollen, red or itchy nose.

Some of the common symptoms of a chlorine rash are listed below

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  1. Eye irritation, such as signs of grittiness, redness and watery/dry eyes
  2. From dry and itchy skin to painful peeling of the skin
  3. Conjunctivitis along with swollen red eyes with excessive tearing with disturbances in the vision
  4. Coughing and sneezing

Treatment

Using a counter action cream or ointment is one of the most popular treatments for a chlorine rash. These creams that are used for the treatment of chlorine rash contain corticosteroids. These provide quick relief to the itching and redness that is the most disturbing symptom of this rash. It is also recommended to use antibacterial soap and keep the affected area neat and dry all as much as possible. If even after taking these measures, the symptoms continue and get worse then the person should see a doctor without any delay for it could lead to serious skin problems. Also one must avoid using towel and clothes belonging to the other person who already has a chlorine rash. It is strictly suggested to stay away from the pools till the rashes are healed.

Prevention

Staying cautious about the chlorine level in the pool is essential to avoid a chlorine rash. One must take off the swimsuit after coming out of the water to reduce the contact with chlorine. Taking a shower, before and after entering the swimming pool is also an essential precaution.

Chlorine Rash – Pictures

 

 

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