Constant Lightheadedness

Dizziness is a sudden feeling of disorientation, tiredness, and at times loss of control over body parts. In one case, it may last for a couple of seconds while in others it may take up to 3 minutes or slightly more. It is estimated that this condition affects around 30 percent of people worldwide. Women report more cases of dizziness than men do. The frequency of this condition also generally increases as people advance in age. Constant lightheadedness should necessitate medical examination from a physician.

Types of dizziness

There are two main types of dizziness named according to how the patient feels during the attack.

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Lightheadedness

It is a form of the condition whereby the head seems to weigh lesser than normal. This usually occurs when abrupt tilt or change in the position of the body happens. A good example is when a person stands up speedily from a lying or sitting posture. When such situations are felt once in a while, it should not cause much alarm. Anyway, it is safer to examine yourself just to be sure. A constant recurring lightheadedness however calls for more than immediate attention.

Vertigo

Vertigo is the second type of dizziness. It makes a person to have false perception of movement. During a subjective vertigo, the individual may feel like he or she is moving about while in objective vertigo, things such as buildings or trees around the person seem to be moving. Pseudo vertigo is somehow a combination of the two. It elicits a spinning sensation in patients. This is the same feeling children get when playing rotating games.

A constant vertigo suggests either a problem with the vestibular system or the cerebellum. This vestibular system is responsible for collecting data relating to the posture of the body. It then relays this information to the eye (for confirmation if the movement has occurred) and transmits it to the cerebellum, which is the part of the brain responsible for controlling movement. Head injuries or stress may contribute to the damage of these regions. Any disease that affects either the cerebellum or the vestibular system has a potential to cause constant dizziness.

Ailments causing constant dizziness

Listed below are some of the common ailments that may cause dizziness.

Central neurological disorders

If the blood supply to the brain is obstructed, conditions such as multiple sclerosis and stroke may set in. Reduced circulation may lead to inflammation of brain components and subsequent destruction of blood vessels. When these happen around the cerebellum, constant dizziness is one of the symptoms of this condition.

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Labyrinthitis

This arises from bacteria or viruses, which affect the vestibular system leading to malfunction. It may also come as a result of allergic reactions. Apart from constant and severe vertigo, which occurs during movement, other symptoms that accompany it are partial or total hearing loss. To regain balance, patients are taken through therapy. Constant stability and visual practice is key in returning the situation to normal. Medications such as prednisone and Valacylovir, if taken early, can prevent damage to the ear.

Meniere’s disease

The condition is mainly characterized by recurrent dizziness, which leads to falling down or fainting. Currently there is no known cause of the disease. As it progresses, the person may lose hearing ability temporarily, after a while however, the ability to hear diminishes completely and permanently.

Dehydration

Excessive loss of water might impact on the volume of blood. Dehydration may occur through various means including vomiting, diarrhea, and exposure to heat among others. If you do not consume enough liquids in your meals, treat this as a probable cause.

Medication

Some prescriptions may also cause this condition. Always check their containers to see if it is listed as a normal side effect. Certain effects might indicate that the drug has backfired and may require you to rush back to the physician. If you are asked about the nature of your dizziness, try to describe it as accurately as possible so that the right treatment approach can be pursued.  Avoid over the counter purchases especially if you are suffering from a long-term condition. Certain drugs may contain substances that could worsen your condition.

Heat

Hot climatic conditions lead to expansion of veins and arteries in your body, which reduces blood pressure. This lowers the rate of circulation hence the brain suffers from reduced supply of minerals and oxygen. That is why people working in outside on a hot day are likely to experience stroke.

In conclusion, constant lightheadedness is therefore more of a symptom than a disease. Most of the causative diseases are treatable if detected early. Being tested will ensure you get the correct cause of your condition therefore enabling you to start treatment on time. When visiting the physicist, it is recommended that the patients provide the most accurate description of how they always feel during the attacks. This will enable the physician to find the correct prescription for their condition.

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