Mucus in urine means appearance of certain amount of mucus while urinating. Mucus is a viscous, yellowish, gelatinous, non-crystalline substance. This material occurs in various parts of the body such as lungs and large intestine. Urine is normally transparent. When there is mucus in urine it may start to appear cloudy. There are several anomalies that may cause such an issue for example; immune system difficulties, excretory system problems and reproductive system anomalies etc.
Symptoms of mucus in urine
Symptoms of mucus in urine may vary and depend greatly on the underlying factor that causes the condition. For example, if a person experiences mucus discharge in urine due to Irritable Bowel Syndrome then he may also experience additional symptoms such as stomach pain, bloating, constipation, diarrhea and dysfunction of bowel. Similarly if a person is affected with STD that causes elimination of mucus through urine then additional symptoms would include painful urination, discomfort during intercourse, foul discharge from vagina or penis, etc.
Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary tract infection abbreviated as UTI is a bacterial infection that also influences the urinary system. This infection can also cause appearance of mucus in urine. Urinary system comprises of urethra, kidney and bladder etc. Though UTI can metastasize to affect any organ, the bacteria often invade the bladder initially and gradually spread to other regions urinary system.
Sexually Transmitted diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases or STDs are infection that gets transmitted through sexual contact. These are commonly caused by chlamydia and gonorrhea that are bacteria. In this condition mucus may be discharged in urine through urethra which causes the urine to appear yellowish and cloudy.
Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS
This is a gastrointestinal issue that results in temporary damages to large intestine. Under this condition, the mucus membrane present in intestine produces increases the amount of mucus. Too much mucus may dribble through the urethra which becomes visible in urine.
Ulcer of colitis or Ulcerative colitis is a condition wherein the intestinal mucous membrane becomes damaged and leads to abnormal production of mucus. The membrane may become inflammatory which distinctly indicates the ulcer formation in people suffering from the condition. The ulcer developed on the membrane secretes yellowish mucus that deposits in urethra causing occurrence of mucus in urine.
In a recent research through urinalysis a group of kidney stone affected individuals showed presence of mucus in the urine. The urine had foul smell and was dark yellow in color. This is why cloudy urine with mucus may be indication of kidney stone as well.
Urachal cancer is what we commonly know as bladder cancer. This occurs due to development of anomalous cell in bladder. This is a rare form of cancer and can cause urine related irregularities. Sample of people taken for urinalysis for Urachal cancer also indicated presence of mucus in it.
Treatment for Mucus in urine
Treatment for occurrence of mucus in urine would greatly depend on the condition that causes the issue. Controlling and curing the underlying condition would help in rectifying the mucus problem. Nevertheless here are some commonly suggested treatments for occurrence of mucus in the urine.
The first line of treatment for dealing with this condition is Antibiotics such as amoxicillin which are helpful in cases such as UTI or Urinary Tract Infection. A seven day medical regimen including antibiotic may be suggested to completely cure the anomaly. Antibiotics such as erythromycin may be suggested in case of STI or Sexually Transmitted Infections (synonym of STD) which can also cure the infection in approx a week’s time.
- Dietary Changes
If mucus in urine occurs due to Irritable Bowel Syndrome then eliminating certain foods and substituting some with better once will help in controlling the problem. Usually the treatment of IBS is focused on treating the symptoms. However, just by following healthy diet plan such as avoiding gassy foods, carbonated beverages, etc one may get relief from its symptoms. Fiber supplement and anti-diarrhea drugs may be prescribed by your doctor to restore normal bowel functioning. Once the condition is controlled the urine may appear clear of mucus.
- Anti inflammatory medicines
Mucus in urine may also appear due to inflammation of mucous membrane in intestine caused due to conditions such as ulcerative colitis. Doctors often prescribe medicines such as corticosteroid, sulfasalazine, mesalamine etc which can control the condition and alleviate symptoms.
There are also certain self care techniques which can help in handling the condition. Foremost, it is crucial to drink plenty of water. Water does not only clean the urinary system but it also prevents dehydration which can worsen the condition. Also you should avoid undergoing sexual intercourse if affected with mucus in urine. The best practice is to consult a doctor and seek medical aid to deal with the condition.