Tag: high levels

High Leukocytes in Urine

The presence of leukocytes in urine may not be a cause for alarm, especially if in little amounts, but a heavy presence of these cells should signal that one could be having an infection or failure of an essential organ. It is advisable that one is tested to determine the cause of the high leukocytes […]

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Albumin Creatinine Ratio (ACR)

Albumin is a protein that circulates in the bloodstream and has many functions like maintaining the blood inside the vessels and preventing blood from leaking out of the vessels. Albumin also helps in carrying substances like medicines in the blood. It is essential for tissue growth and healing of tissue. During the process of filtering […]

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Serum Protein Test

Serum protein is the amount of proteins present in blood plasma. In the blood plasma, protein is found in two forms namely albumin and globulin. Proteins in blood plasma have many functions such as transport of lipids, vitamins, hormones, and metals in body. They also help in regulating acellular activity. Moreover, proteins in blood plasma […]

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Bilirubin Total Levels

Bilirubin total levels are determined by both conjugated and unconjugated bilirubin in bloodstream. Bilirubin circulates in blood in mainly two forms, which include the indirect or unconjugated and the direct or conjugated bilirubin. The indirect form does not readily dissolve in water and being insoluble, it needs to be made water-soluble so that it is […]

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Unconjugated Bilirubin

Bilirubin is a catabolic product derived from the heme metabolism. Although it is potentially toxic, the body has elaborate physiologic mechanisms, which can detoxify and disposition this substance in the body. This substance is formed when there is breakdown of heme, a substance that forms part of the hemoglobin. The metabolism of bilirubin by liver […]

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Serum Bilirubin Test – Normal Values

Most of the bilirubin is produced when there is degradation of hemoglobin during the normal process of removing old or aged cells. The natural color of this substance is yellow. Through the digestive agent known as bile, the bilirubin is transmitted out of your body. It may also be excreted through urine. The color of […]

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Indirect Bilirubin

Bilirubin consists of the primary bile pigment that is obtained through the breakdown of heme part of the red blood cells. Heme is the deep red as well as oxygen carrying non-protein part of the hemoglobin. It is also known as reduced hematin. When the heme is broken down, it travels to the liver and […]

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Albumin in Urine

Albumin is a protein that is found in blood. It is a healthy protein, which travels in bloodstream. When your kidneys filter the blood and separate wastes from other healthy substances in the blood, albumin is retained and does not cross the filters or glomerulus. This means that in normal circumstances, healthy persons should not […]

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Serum Albumin Test

Serum albumin is the most copious form of protein in blood plasma and it produced in the liver. Albumin makes up about half of the serum protein in blood. This protein is soluble meaning that it can readily dissolve in water. Albumin is synthesized in liver in form of preproalbumin. The functions of albumin in […]

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Normal Albumin Levels, Low and High

Albumin is produced in the liver and is the most common protein you find in blood. This substance provides the body with proteins for growth and tissue repair. Albumin also helps in movement of small molecules in the blood such as bilirubin, progesterone, calcium, and medications. Albumin test is frequently assessed when evaluating a person’s […]

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