Where is your appendix located?

The inflammation of appendix almost 3 inches long tissue tube extending from the large necessity of appendix is unknown. But what is known is that survival without appendix is definitely possible without worrying about grave consequences. Its blockage through any foreign body or often with stool is a cause for appendicitis to occur. Blockage may also occur due to infection as the appendix gets vulnerable and infected when exposed to a foreign body. Appendicitis is thus a medical concern requiring surgery

Symptoms

The symptoms of appendicitis are:

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Pain around the navel or near upper abdomen eventually sharpening while moving to lower right part of the abdomen. Most often this is the very first sign.
Sudden loss in appetite.
Feeling of nausea, vomiting followed by abdominal pain.
Swelling in abdominal area.
Fever from 100 to 102 degrees.
Difficulty in passing gas.
Pain while urinating.
Changes in stool. Severe constipation or diarrhea with painful cramps.

One should therefore seek medical aid for timely treatment if such symptoms are observed. It is also important to avoid pain killers, laxatives, heating pads as they can lead to the rupture of inflamed appendix.

Where is appendix located in a female and a male – is it different?

The location of appendix in human body is same for men and women and for different age groups. It is at the intersection of small and large intestine. It looks like a narrow tube that can be three to four inches long. However usually, it is found near lower right abdomen.

Tests

Medical tests: One of the most tried and tests are simply examining the belly for diagnosis. Changes in this abdominal test determine the growth of appendicitis.

Computed tomography: With the help of a CT scan, X-rays are able to produce the detailed images, and show the inflammation of appendix. CT scans also show if the appendix has ruptured.

Ultrasound: By using sound waves medical practitioners can point out the signs of appendicitis, for example swelling in the appendix.

Complete blood count:  Increase in number of white blood can be detected through blood tests. It is one of the major signs of infected and inflamed appendix.

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Imaging tests: Imaging exams such as magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography may help to detect the appendix tumor.

 Treatment

Appendectomy: The most effective treatment of appendicitis is surgery either with the traditional one large cut surgery or laparoscopy where a camera is used to see inside for smaller cuts. The tumor is also removed with the surgery. However if the tumor is big, a more complicated surgery is needed to remove a part of the colon.

Antibiotics: Often antibiotics can treat infections that cause appendicitis. However they alone cannot be used to completely and effectively cure appendicitis.

Complications in a burst appendix

A burst appendix is one of the dangerous parts of appendicitis as it spreads the infection in the entire abdomen, and is also known as peritonitis. It can cause severe illness, vomiting, fever and nausea. Immediate laparotomy for cleaning the abdominal cavity and removal of the appendix is required. If left untreated, peritonitis can also cause death.

Appendiceal abscess: Sometimes pus accumulates in a burst appendix that has to be surgically drained through a thin tube that is put through abdominal wall. The tube remains in place for almost two weeks and at the same time the patient is given antibiotics for the infection. After almost a month and a half, after the infection has been controlled the remains are removed surgically.

Diet and Nutrition

In a non surgical treatment the patient has to be on a soft liquid diet till the infection has been cured. Such a diet is easily digested and includes food items such as juices, milk, soups, fish, or eggs.

Things to remember

Blockage in the appendiceal lumen leads to appendicitis.
Abdominal pain is the most observed symptom of appendicitis.
It cannot be treated at home and proper health care and diagnosis is required.
Sometimes the symptoms may not be diagnosed as appendicitis.
Surgeries are the most common treatment. Antibiotics alone should not be used to treat appendicitis.
It is a health condition that needs medical attention and proper care.

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